Literature- Features of a Prose

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Features of a Prose


1) Plot


๐Ÿ‘‰ When we talk about plot we talk about the orderly arrangement of events in a story. This is the step by step processes from which a story is developed.

Aristotle said “plot is the first principle”. So in creating the plot of your story you must keep in mind these five processes:


๐Ÿ‘‰Exposition: this is where your character and his environment (setting) is introduced as well as the conflict

๐Ÿ‘‰ Rising action: here the conflict developes and becomes complicated

๐Ÿ‘‰ Climax: here the conflict reaches its peak as the character is faced with challenges.

๐Ÿ‘‰ Falling action: the character begins to find his way around the problem. The tension is reducing as the story is drawing towards an end

๐Ÿ‘‰ Resolution: this is the last stage. Here the problem is resolved and this brings the story to an end.


Example of a good plot from a short story


“Daniel wants to start a petty business but has no money. He would need ten thousand naira to start it. He is worried because he really needs a source of income so he decides to write to his uncles. He wrote three letters and attached his business plan to it and sends them to his uncles. Mr Okere, one of Daniel’s uncles reads his letter and is impressed with the details and clear cut goals in the business plan, so he decides to support Daniel. Daniel is happy as he receives the money from his uncle. He starts his business and promised to do well in it. ”


Notice the pattern. ๐Ÿ‘‰ The exposition introduced the character Daniel and his conflict. The rising action is when he writes letters to his uncles anticipating a response. The climax is when Mr Okere decides to support Daniel with the needed capital. The falling action is when Daniel receives the money. The resolution is when he promised to do well having started his business.


Now write a short story or read a short story and write out the story line (plot)

Lilian Ohanedozi


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